Semalt Expert Describes Methods To Mitigate The Risk From Malware

Despite the greatest strength displayed by the internet as a resourceful place of any information, there are many risks associated with online activities. Hackers and con artists use online elements such as emails, messages and pop-up ads to manipulate innocent users. The spread of malware, viruses, and Trojans is one of the most damaging strategies used by con artists online to access computer information used for identity theft, destruction of documents and exposure of private information.

Ryan Johnson, the Senior Sales Manager of Semalt, takes you through the most common malware signs of infected computers and strategies to avoid them.

Malware

Malicious software (malware) is software on the internet browser displaying unwanted advertisements. They can infect a computer system to expose sensitive information of an organization or embezzle client funds, take over systems and demand ransom or expose confidential information. They exist in four forms: viruses, worms, trojans, spyware.

1. Viruses:

This malicious software inserts themselves into programs, reproduce, spread and perform malicious activities such as data destruction.

2. Worms:

Worms do not attach themselves to programs, but they crawl through networks, replicate and look for vulnerable machines to attack.

3. Trojans:

Trojan is a malicious software or data file that appears to be useful until it embedded in the computer system. They can encrypt victim’s files or entire hard drive, prevent access to information and ask for ransom. Most Trojans spread through file attachments in emails.

4. Spyware:

Spyware is a malware that monitors the activities of a computer and sends the information to a third party without knowledge of the user. Data stolen can facilitate imposition, conduct theft, and other illegal activities in the name of the user.

How to Realize a Computer Is Malware Infected

It’s hard to know the system is infected until it manifests itself. A computer may experience slow processing, but this could be a result of numerous reasons besides viruses, worms, and trojans. After infection, the malware may display a message, corrupt files or show itself through damages such as stealing of funds. Prevention is the best solution to trojans, viruses, and worms as detection is after the damage is done.

How to Avoid Malware?

    • Ascertain senders of emails before replying or opening attachments and unsubscribe suspicious addresses.
    • Do not click on suspicious links on website or email attachments.
    • Check the authenticity of suspicious email address by phone or delete it.
  • Train staff and close people on dangers of worms, viruses, and Trojans on a regular basis.
  • Use antivirus and filter software to spam bad emails and adjust security settings to the highest level.
  • Keep the computer system always updated. Make use of the recommended automatic update.
  • Avail any important software patches missing from the system as soon as possible and enable automatic updates.
  • Disable Microsoft Office macros as some viruses disguise themselves as macros. Consult the internet to establish is the macro is not malware.
  • Install software from trusted vendors only as untrusted sources may contain viruses, worms, and Trojans.
  • Make sure the operating system in use is updated as old systems such as Windows XP is vulnerable.
  • Make regular data backup and employ insurance policies.

The best step to avoid worms, Trojan, viruses and other malware is by vigilant and observing preventive measures.

Two Habits to Change That Will Help to Get You off Your Computer and Into Nature in The New Year

If you ask most people what their typical day looks like, they will usually tell you about a schedule that requires them to be inside for eighty to ninety percent of their waking hours. This is pretty common in today’s day and age, as we place a lot of importance on efficiency and productivity. We encourage things to be automated and love when a task can be performed by a robot instead of a human being. This model seems to work well until we realize that we are focusing a lot of our energy on being as much like a robot as we can. Allowing computers to dictate our time and focus, using them as our primary tool for not only communication, but connection. If you have not seen the ways in which this can become problematic, then you will soon unless you make changes in your habits to balance your lifestyle.

This is a great time of year to start thinking about the small changes you can make to help get you on track to spending more time outdoors in 2018. Making more time in nature a part of your New Year’s resolution might be the perfect way to kick start a new routine or habit. Here are a few ideas to help you if you are struggling with where to begin:

Start Your Day with Fresh Air

If you are like me, you have a habit of making screen time one of your first priorities. For some of us, it is the need to check our email, our text messages, or our calendar to determine what the schedule for the day is. For others, you are scrolling social media or news outlets to update yourself on current events. If you need to know what is going on in your immediate future, then make it a point to check your phone, respond when necessary, and put your phone back on the table and out of reach for a bit. Take your coffee, tea, lemon water, or whatever else you might enjoy in the morning and bring it to whatever outdoor space you have. You may be fortunate enough to have your own private porch in the woods, but you may only have a stoop in the city, either one works.

Plan One Outdoor Activity Per Week

Depending on where you live, this may have to be adjusted seasonally. If you live somewhere that remains warm year-round than you could potentially create a new routine that you can maintain no matter what season it is. Some great ideas for weekly outdoor activities are hiking, gardening, bird watching, swimming, skiing, snowshoeing, fishing or even just walking through your neighborhood. If you want to motivate yourself to get outside, it can be helpful to have the right attire. I usually shop at LL Bean for their great prices and wide variety. Once you start to get used to spending more time outside, you may even want to carve out more time to plan multiple activities per week.

Adding Zeal to the Computer System

Computer software is a very general term used to highlight the collection of the computer programs, procedures and documentation that perform some specific tasks on a computer system. These software’s are of various types. Firstly, there are application software such as word processors which perform productive tasks for the user. Secondly, there are system software such as operating system which interface with the hardware to provide necessary services for the application software and middle-ware which controls and coordinates distributed systems. Sometimes, the term “software” is used in much broader sense saying anything which is not hardware but can be used with hardware like tapes, films etc. is software.

In computer, the software is loaded into RAM and executed in CPU. At first level, the software consists of the machine language which is specific to the individual processor. Here, the machine language is group of binary instructions. Software is the ordered sequence of these instructions which change the preceding state of the computer hardware thus making it better. It is usually written in a high-level programming language (HLL) that are more easier and efficient for the human to use. HLL are interpreted into machine language code. Software’s may be written in assembly language converted through assembler.

Various types of computer software are there in the market including System, Application and Programming. While system software helps to run the computer hardware and computer system which includes operating systems, device drivers etc, the programming ones provides a tool to assist a programmer in writing computer programs and software using programming languages. The application software’s help in performing more specific tasks. These tasks can be industrial, business, educational etc.

Computer software needs to be loaded in the computer storage like RAM, hard drive etc. Once loaded, the software needs to be executed. This phase involves passing the instructions from application software through the system software to the hardware which converts it into machine language. Software is the language of a computer and like diversity in human language, there are various types of computer languages available as well. The softwares have made life so easy. Now, every task, no matter how difficult it may seem through human eyes, it is actually very easy just because of these softwares. They have indeed added the zeal to the computer system.

Basics of Computer Software?

Computer software is something created by programmers using a language called html. It is vital to the operation of your computer and to the things that you want to do with it everyday. In comparison to computer hardware; the software is what runs on the computer hardware. It runs to protect computer networks and systems. It also is created to tell the binary of the computer what is should do. The software is basically a program which is made up of forms and roles that are in essence digitally stored data, it might be used as code for a CPU or sometimes it represents other types of information. What makes your computer useful, is the computer software category.

Software

It is created with programming language and utilities; they come in several different forms. Depending upon your needs software can help your small business correspond with your customers. It can keep track of inventory and even answer the phone and process orders as needed. Defining software is not easy because it is “virtual” if you like, not physical as is the case with computer hardware. There are different types of software that we would use, one may allow a main task to be carried out, for example; a program designed to edit photos, would be application software. In comparison software that is referred to as complex, will multi-task many things at the same time which help run the computer system an example would be an operating system. Maintenance is a significant part of any software system. To sum it up, software is a term used for digitally stored data or computer programs.

Downloading

One of the easiest ways to get the software you need is to download it. You can download in two ways, from a disc or from a site where the software is offered. These downloads will allow you to click the button where instructed to “Download”, click on run, and then you will need to go through the prompts, sometimes called an installation wizard, and you can get your software all without a disc. If important information is given to you during this process and you are instructed to keep it for future reference, it is well advised that you do so. You may not be able to access your new software without a user name and password. So be very careful to keep this information when prompted. Some applications will also simply run when clicked on. You must also be careful what you download and that it is from a safe site and a trusted vendor. Malicious software like viruses can be downloaded into your computer and steal personal information and freeze up your computer and make it inoperable. Many downloads come in what is called a zip file and need to be extracted. Most Windows programs have extractors but if you do not there are free ones the one I use is 7zip and it is free.

Copyright protection will extend only to expressions, not to the ideas, procedures, method of operation or mathematical concepts as such as they are. There is a patent that is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. That sounds very technical, so I feel it is best not to copy or distribute any software that is not your own. It should just be a rule that you should follow completely.

Types of Computer Software

Software can simply be defined as the coded instructions that are sent to the computer, which when received by the computer, carries out the tasks the user desires. The commands govern the operation of the computer and all the programs that run on the computer at a given time. Every program installed on your computer is made up of some coded material. This is what the computer reads and carries out the commands required of it during the utilization of the program. The types of computer software can be categorized into three:

1. System software

Also referred to as operating system, it is the software used by the computer to convert and translate inputs from different sources into a machine language. It is the task of an OS to organize the hardware components of a computer. It is also the System software offers a shield of protection to all the other software applications. With the OS, support is also provided to the physical components of computers. Many Os exist in the market. The windows operating system is one that has made a lot of wave in the system software industry. Other operating systems also abound. Among these is UNIX, which is used for large office setups with powerful networks. We also have HP -UX and AIX, used by HP computers. Apache OS is also popular especially with web servers.

2. Application software:

Application software are the most commonly known and used types of computer software. Application software covers almost all the day-to -day activities done with the computer. Some examples of application software are the Microsoft office suite which includes Word, Excel, publisher and PowerPoint. Many people extensively use these applications. With Internet explorer, Netscape and Mozilla Firefox, people gain access to access the internet. Outlook express is software used for email management. One characteristic of the application software is the user interfaces.

3. Programming language software:

These types of computer software are exclusively used by computer programmers. A programming language is a set instructions used for creating application software and operating system. Basic tools used by the programming software are Compilers, interpreters, linkers and text editors. Examples of this kind of software are C++, Simlab and Java. Java is a programming language for internet applications. Most professional program developers use the C++ language. The program can also be used in developing operating systems. PHP is another language used for internet applications. A new class of languages now exists for the mobile devices. These are light weight languages used for designing mobile applications.

All Computer software works with a programming language. The process runs like a chain reaction. The chain is initiated by transferring the command. The computer software now generates the Machine code which ends the whole process.

The Many Benefits of Computer Software

With computer technology improving and changing every day, computer software training is considered to be a necessity rather than an option today. However it become quite difficult to determine which skills you may need to learn in order to keep yourself in step with the ever-changing computer technology as there are numerous companies offering software training.

The easiest way to locate the type of software you need is to conduct a search online. Just type ‘computer software training’ into Google and your query will provide you with a list of software providers that sell computer training material. Simply look through the software packages available until you find the type of training you are looking for. By purchasing the software you need you can learn the material step-by-step on your computer at your own pace. Most of the large computer software course providers offer training that is taught by industry experts. You can realistically master hundreds of applications through this type of training without having to read books or attend expensive training courses in person.

Computer training software is the number one training method in use today as it provides you with detailed, methodical instructions that are easy to grasp and follow. You can expect to receive an equivalent of three to five days’ worth of classroom training on one or two typical software programs that usually consists of video training that is actually interesting to watch and learn from. You are allowed to skip to and from topics, re-wind, pause and fast-forward so that you can learn what you want to learn and at your own pace.

Regardless of what it is you want to learn, be it graphics and page layout, internet and web design, animation, business applications, multi-media, programming or operating systems you are sure to find exactly the right software training you need. It is always a good idea to read past customer reviews when they are offered by a software provider online and also to see what type of a guarantee exists in case you are unhappy with the software training you purchase.

Even young children can learn how to use a computer at home as there are numerous computer training software programs designed for kids. Even though children are taught in schools to use computers from an early age, any child could benefit from learning even more at home. It is advantageous to encourage children to learn all they can about computers because they will undoubtedly be using computers routinely in most aspects of their lives as they get older.

What Is Computer Software?

Software is a term that describes what a program is, and will tell the computer what the program is designed to do. There are a few different types of computer software, but the most common types are application, system and programming.

All the operations that the computer performs are run on one some application of computer software. These applications allow the computer to perform the required operation. Even playing a computer game, is considered a function by the computer. Which ever application you do use, you are using a piece of software to run it and perform a certain operation, this can include everything from business related software, to educational, to scientific programs, and even medical.

A company can use software to help with their everyday operations of running a business. These tasks can include: customer service, spreadsheets, payroll, accounts receivable, data base, and inventory management. These can all be done with certain pieces of software. There are several companies that will use and even buy computer software to help teach some of their employees in learning a second language to increase their knowledge, and improve their work skills especially if they work with people from different nationalities.

Software can also be used in hospitals, to run monitoring equipment. Researches may use modeling programs in an experiment to test out a theory. The industry of computer software will continue to grow over the next couple of years. There are many software companies, in all parts of the world, and there are just as many different programmers working to make the industry even larger. Many job seekers have realized how extensive the growth and the importance of software is, and the rate in which it is expanding. It is no wonder, that there are many people who are trying to get into this field in one form or another, as they know they will get a lot from it in return.

Definition of Computer Software?

The term “software” is not a recently conceived of word. In his 1935 essay, ‘Computable Numbers with an Application to the Entscheidungs Problem,’ Alan Turing first proposed and provided the foundation for most modern software. In 1958, the first use of the term software was used by John W. Tukey in an article in American Mathematical Monthly.

Today, the the term ‘computer software’ means written programs, rules, or codes, along with related documentation regarding the operation of a computer system that is stored in read/write memory. The “soft” part of software refers to the many products and technologies developed using different methods such as programming languages and scripting languages. The term ‘software’ is broader and can include different types of devices such as the operation systems of modern consumer devices such as automobiles, televisions, toasters, etc.

Computer software is the job descriptions of what a computer can perform. It cannot be physically touched. For instance, most computers come with software already installed. Software is also available on CD where the user inserts the disk into the hard drive and follows the installation instructions.  As well, downloadable software is available on internet sites such as Microsoft. Computer software is basically a series of instructions that tells a computer how to do a particular job. For example, Microsoft Word is an example of computer software. As well, web page technologies such as HTML, PHP, ASP.NET, and XML are examples of computer software.

Computer software can be divided into two main categories: operating system software and application software.

Operating System (0/S): This system consists of the basic functions that computers perform. An example would be showing movement on a screen such as a mouse cursor was the user moves the mouse. Examples of operating systems include: windows vista, windows xp, Mac, Linux and Unix.

Application Software: These are applications that allow the computer to perform the job. Application software is used to accomplish precise tasks other than just running the computer system.  This can include voice, play or record music, view videos, play video games–etc. Other examples of application software include permitting access to the internet and printing documents. Application software is the software that indirectly interacts with the computer.

System Software is the software that can directly interact with computer hardware. Examples include motherboard, CPU, keyboard, Mouse, printer–etc. System software is responsible for controlling, integrating, and managing the individual hardware components of a computer system.

Computer software is composed of machine language which is essentially groups of binary code giving processor instructions that are specific to an individual processor. It is normally written in high-level programming languages and then interpreted into machine language code. Software can also be written in assembly language which is a mnemonic representation of a machine language using a natural language alphabet.

Where Did Computer Software

In 1935, English mathematician Alan Turing proposed the first known theory about software in his essay ‘Computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidungs problem (Decision problem)’. The actual ‘software’ term was first used and printed by statistician John W. Turkey in 1958. It was used in computer science and software engineering studies to refer the information processed by a computer system, computer programs and their data.

The most popular historical trace of the first outputs of computer software is found in the first software bug found in computer systems in 1946. Later, in 1970, the term ‘Moore’s law’ was coined to explain the basic elements of a computing system, where the first element was computer software, which then joined the devices in computer hardware.

Computer software was originally offered in conjunction with hardware by Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Popular OEMs of the time were Data General, Digital Equipment and IBM. Since computer hardware companies originally bundled their software, they were not able to claim the software as an asset. Data Gen then introduced Data General Nova, and the company Digidyne pursued Data General Nova for its RDOS operating system for its own hardware clone. Data General refused to license their software and subsequently claimed ‘bundling rights’. This set a distinct precedent in the history of software – in 1985 The Supreme Court, with Digidyne v. Data General, ruled that Data Gen must license their operating system software because restricting the license was an illegal tying arrangement. This decision increased the value of software, making it possible to purchase computer software patents. Data General was eventually taken over by EMC Corporation. Then, in 1986, IBM released Disk Operating System (DOS) for free, and Microsoft was created.

Widely known visionaries Steve Jobs (Apple) and Bill Gates (Microsoft) took advantage of software development ideas long before they started their own businesses in the 1980’s and have since created multi-billion dollar corporations with their multitudes of software offerings.

You Should Know to Save on Computer Software

Do you want to get quality software at a reasonable price? Whether you work at home or just need good software for your personal computer, you are faced with an almost endless selection of computer software. Sorting through the options can sometimes be a major task. However, if you want to get good, quality software there are several things that you can do that will save you money and headaches.

With the arrival of online marketing, you have more choices than ever. There are a large number of reputable software companies that sell software at significant savings. With a little homework and thought on your part, you can get good quality software that will accomplish your specific task.
In order to save both time and money on computer software, here is a list of twelve things you should do.

1. First, make sure you know as closely as possible the exact task you want your software to accomplish. The more specific you are the better. For example, do you want a very general word processing program to write occasional letters or a more sophisticated word processing software program to run the marketing for your business?

2. Check out the minimum requirements necessary to run the software. You want to make sure it will run on your computer equipment. You should find out how much memory the program takes, what operating systems it will run on and how much disk space is required. Is there any other computer accessory required to use the software?

3. Talk to friends and associates that have used the specific type of software you’re searching for. Ask them where they got the software, how much they paid, how long they’ve used the program, what type of guarantee came with the program, etc. If you have a task, which involves a deadline, like a payroll program, ask them how they were able to get answers to their questions and how long did it take.

4. Search the Internet for reviews on the software. Look at user groups or bulletin boards to see what users are saying about the software. For example, if you’re looking at the QuickBooks business program, type in “QuickBooks Software Review” to locate review information about the program.

5. You should always test the software program before you purchase it. Many reputable companies will allow you to download their software and test it out before you buy. Take advantage of the opportunity to test the program. Enter some data, print some reports, and give the program a real workout. Try as many options as possible. Don’t always follow set procedures. Try to experiment on your own. You want to know what the software does in a real world setting. You want to know what happens when you make a mistake.

6. If the software provides support, you should think of a question about the program that may not be too obvious and ask support for help. You’re much better off to try out support before you truly need help than to wait until you’re in a “must have help” situation. See how long it takes to get an answer. Check out how clear the response is. Ask yourself, “Did this completely resolve the problem for me?”

7. Check out the software warranty and company guarantees. A software company that stands behind their program will usually guarantee their products for a specific period of time. You should get at least a 30-day money back guarantee after purchasing the product. A 90-180 day guarantee is better. Usually, the longer the product warranty, the better the software.

8. Find out how often the company provides updates to their software. Check out the cost for getting the updates. For example, many companies will include updates for a specific period of time with the purchase price of the software. Companies that actively listen to their users update their software. If a computer program has not been updated for a long time, you probably won’t get further updates.

9. If you get a “Freeware” software program, you need to know four things:
First, freeware is a software program that does not cost you any money. That means you will not be able to receive support from the author. You are basically on your own. Sometimes that is good. However, if you have a time sensitive task and run into a software problem, free software may not be your best option. If you miss a deadline and have to pay a penalty of some type, that free software isn’t so cheap after all.

Second, many times freeware is an “introductory” version of a program. That means you may still have to pay for the “complete” program or the ability to use all the program options.

Third, if there is no charge for a program, the program may include software options that gather information about you, your computer, your surfing habits, etc. and then return this information to the company via the Internet. This is sometimes referred to as “Spyware” and can cause some real problems with your computer. When you use a program to eliminate the spyware on your computer, your “free” software program may no longer work.

Finally, if you are fairly computer literate, have no specific deadlines and know that a freeware program does not contain spyware, then, a freeware computer program can be a great bargain.

10. If you get a “Shareware” software program you need to know three things: First, shareware is a software program that lets you try it out before you buy it. The author is “sharing” the program with you. If the computer shareware program does what you want it to do, then the author expects you to pay for it.

Many shareware programs allow you to use the program for a set period of time. After that period of time, the program (or at least some of the program options) will not continue to work. Don’t make the mistake of entering a lot of important data and then decide you “don’t want to pay” for the program. You could be left high and dry.

Finally, some shareware programs will continue to operate regardless of how long you use them. If you come to rely on a shareware computer program, it is wise to pay the author the nominal fee they usually request. This will help the author continue to develop and enhance the program. Besides, you’ll probably get support and help from the author if you need it.

11. Beware of companies that send you unsolicited emails offering “name brand” computer software at huge discounts. These are often overseas companies selling “illegal” software. You will not get support, but you could get a letter from the company’s lawyer telling you that you’re using a pirated copy of their software. Some people have even reported giving their credit card information to purchase these “great bargains” only to learn weeks later, they had paid for software they never got.

12. Last but not least, always order your computer software from a reputable online company. You’ll experience the best service, the best warranty and the best computer products available.